Many great artifacts and pieces of history are hidden all over the earth but one of the most mysterious places known to man are the great bodies of water. The different oceans and bodies of water have so much to discover because they cover so much of this earth. Scientists in Israel learned this first hand when they happened upon a large unusual object on the bottom of the Sea of Galillee. Scientists pretty much bumped into a large circular mound at the bottom of the ocean in 2003 but are now just coming out with the discovery. It is discovered to be a cone made from basalt rocks that measures 230 feet wide and 32 feet tall. It weighs around 60,000 tons and is twice as large as the stone circle at Stonehenge. At first it was discovered using sonar and then it was further investigated with underwater dives.
There are pros and cons for the structure to be underwater. Obviously it is more difficult and more expensive to get at which makes research more difficult. It takes a lot more funding to drive a historical investigation with the site being submerged in water. Even though it is more difficult to access, being underwater did help us to learn more about it. With the site being underwater, it was not exposed to as much degradation and decomposition as it would if it was above land where there is oxygen. Another perk for it being underwater is that archaeologists can find out more history about the sea itself. This structure was believed to be built when this point was above ground so therefore it shows that the water level was once significantly lower than what it is today.
There is much discussion about who built this underwater structure and what was its purpose. It is not sure if this was a religious structure, a burial ground, or even just a ramp. There have also been some discrepancies about when this was built. Using the amount of sand that has built up on the structure and in comparison with other structures around the region, it is believed to be around 2,000 and 12,000 years old. Even though this is helpful, it is still as somewhat general estimation. The one thing that is certain is the importance of this structure to the people that built it. The rocks that it consists of come from hundreds of meters and one stone could weigh up to 200 pounds. So this tells us that not only was this structure of great importance, but also the civilization that built this was advanced enough to have a particular system of building this structure. With the large stones and harsh environmental conditions, building a monument like this was no easy task. The scientists and archaeologists are still in the very early stages of investigation and more will be found out about this great underwater monument.