I was reading on a website called livescience to find out the purpose of Stonehenge. I did not realize that there was not a definite theory of why it was constructed. I discovered from the website that the first idea for the purpose of Stonehenge was that it was an ancient hunting and feasting site. According to archeological evidence, before Stonehenge was even constructed, natives used the area for hunting. About a mile away from the location there is evidence of human life occupying the area which further suggests the natives traveled to the site for feasts and hunting.
Other people suggest that Stonehenge was constructed as a monument to celebrate peace and unity. Around the time of construction the islands of Britain were very unified. The building of this monument would have taken thousands of workers and stones from Whales. This suggests that there was a collaborative effort in building it. Another suggestion is that natives celebrated the winter solstice at Stonehenge. Evidence shows that pigs were slaughtered during December and January suggesting a winter solstice feast. It also faces the sunrise during the summer solstice. Tourists still flock to Stonehenge for the summer solstice.
A presentation in 2012 at the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences meeting suggested it was built for a sound illusion. The megaliths could have been built to increase noise cancellation in the area. For example if two pipers played around Stonehenge in certain areas the sound would be cancelled. Another theory is that it used to be a burial ground for the elite. Thousands of skeletons were found in the area. The skeletons date to about 3000 B.C. which is about the same time as construction would have started on Stonehenge. An incense bowl and a mace head were also unearthed and these objects are associated with elite ancient society.
The newest theory suggests that each of the stones produce different sounds depending on the shape, like hollow wooden and metallic bells. It is thought that this could have been a way to communicate over long distances or used like church bells are used today. One more theory is that Stonehenge was used as a healing site. Many of the skeletons found near the site have marks of injury or sickness. Many of the stones have been chipped away as well. This could have possibly been from pilgrims wanting some of its protective or healing power.