Week 6 Mesoamerican

It is the magnitude of the scale of the ancient empire’s, and of the accomplishment in architecture, that the Incas, Aztecs and the Mayan all have in common.  In architecture… it is the scale of the temples, pyramids, and the span of the layout of ancient cities which covers literately thousands of miles. All three culture exhibit stone mastery as being the first master stone masons. The scale on which each culture was built and the span of how far the development of the ancient cities sprawled is astonishing. All three civilizations did not have the wheel as a form of early technology. But, the absence of the wheel as a form of early technology did not stop the progression of the colossal development of each civilization, nor did the absence of the wheel reduce the scale of the size each civilization reached… due to the wheels absence in the Incas,Aztec and Mayan civilization, the laws which govern the mother of invention step in…

The Incas developed more than 10,000 miles of highway and built highways that were constructed for foot travel which span and covered more than 3,000 miles of road into the Andean mountainous terrain. The Incas built no less than 100 hundred bridges. All laid by hand or built by hand. Incas developed a courier system for communication that was based on a relay system of runners, each runner covering a mile and half. It could take up to five days run for a message sent to be received, it takes that long for regular mail delivery today. (www.latinamericanstudies.org/incas/collier.htm)

Aztec’s were accomplished farmers and agriculturally advance in growing crops. the  major crops produced by Aztec farmers that have been handed down through time to the current farmers of today  is sweet potatoes, corn, squash, peppers, beans, tomatoes and avocados. The thick milky liquid from the sapodilla tree could be chewed, the Aztec’s invented chewing gum.(sociologymangalindak.blogspot.com/2012/…/achievements-of-aztecs.)

The Mayan’s studied the night sky and told time according to the stars and planetary change in position in the night sky. The Mayan’s observation of the sun’s distance from the equator was an indicator of seasonal change for planting crops. The Mayan’s invented the 365 day calendar.   (www.history.com/topics/mayan-scientific-achievements The Mayan’s invented the concept of Zero.  “The Maya Long Calendar system is one of the most noteworthy intellectual achievements of this advanced civilization. The Long Calendar is formed with 3 interlocking cycles of 365 years” one of the interlocking circles has names, and the other has numbers lining up. Every 52 years the 3 cycles will meet again and then, the cycle starts again. *the Magic Number “52” – Dresden Codex. The Long Count Calendar starts counting from the Maya Universe Creation Date: or 4 A’hau, 8 Kumk’u that corresponds to August 13, 3114 BC, in the Gregorian calendar. For the Maya, the year of corresponds to one of our starting dates, but, which one? Many have pointed August 11, 3114 BC of our time as the corresponding date of the Maya Creation.”( mayapredictions.blogspot.com/…/some-of-great-accomplishments-of-ma)