The theory that I believe fits my country of Ghana best and its reproductive health issues is Feminist Theory. Feminism is all for the promotion of women’s overall well- being. Feminist theory is the extension of feminism into theoretical or philosophical discourse, It aims to understand the nature of gender inequality. It examines women’s social roles, experience, interests, and feminist politics in a variety of fields (Wikipedia/Google). In the article “What is Feminist Theory?” , it mentions how feminist theories also point out the worlds bias on women’s bodies. Historically, men were associated with the brain while women were associated with the body (Erwin 2011). I found this particular exert from the article interesting because to me it is saying that men are the brain of the operation and women are just mere aspects in association with the male. This very idea is how a lot of countries today are still ran. In my country of choice Ghana which is a traditional, ritualistic, place they have a hierarchy in which men have the power, although it may not be as bad as in places such as the middle east it still does not make it okay. As a woman you should be entitled to your own decisions.
Ghana suffers from what most underdeveloped countries experience which is poor reproductive health issues in just about all aspects. When factoring all these aspects into reproductive health issues it includes things such as contraceptive use, Sexually transmitted infections (STI’s), unsafe abortion acts, adolescent sexual and reproductive health, spread of HIV/AIDS, maternal health. I want to focus on the HIV and AIDS health issue in relation to the feminist theory. As said in lecture in relation to health issues feminist ask things such as, “Does one gender have worse outcomes than the other in any areas of medical concern?” Yes the difference between the women to men who carry AIDS and HIV in Ghana are very shocking to say the least. Women particularly young women are at greater risk of HIV/AIDS and are infected at a younger age than men. Between 1986 and 2001, women accounted for over 60% of the cumulative AIDS cases in Ghana. (Ghana 2004). In urban Ghana, modern contraceptive use is low and a significant proportion of women experience ill reproductive health ( Adanu 2009). According to Unicef reports as of 2012 there are reportedly 240 thousand people living with HIV/AIDS and about half of those a about 120 thousand women living with this traumatic disease. This also affects the children that they could potentially conceive having contracted HIV and AIDS. It would require more medical attention, and more expenses in medication. This brings to reality the fact that in Ghana medicine is not so advanced, and would cost a lot for treatment due to the lack of proper resources.It also represents the low use of condoms, and the possibility of a lot of rape crime happening. Through research conducted trying to examine women equality and reproductive rights in relation to feminist theory Ghana is easy to relate to do so with the women in that culture. The application of Feminist theory to reproductive health issues helps see the inequalities in male dominance, and in relation to health the inequalities disparity in HIV and AIDs between men and women and the effects it may have on birth and conception.
Erwin Z. “What is Feminist Theory?.” What?. May 10, 2011 < http://www.qwhatis.com/what-is-feminist-theory/ >.
“Adolescents in Ghana: sexual and reproductive health.” In Brief [Series] June 2004: 1+. Academic OneFile. Web. 31 July 2015. (Ghana 2004)
Adanu RM, Hill AG, Seffah JD, Darko R, Anarfi JK, Duda RB. Sexually transmitted infections and health seeking behaviour among Ghanaian women in Accra. Afr J Reprod Health. 2008;12(3):151–15
Lecture: 1.6. Introducing Theory 6: Feminist Theory