The country I have chosen for this course is Nepal. I chose Nepal because I have always wanted to go to Kathmandu and hike in the Himalayas. I did not know anything about the Nepalese people until I started researching it for this assignment.
In Nepal, females are less educated than men are and do not attend school as much as or as long as men. Women are expected to do all the housework, no matter how hard it may be. The men are expected to go work for their families, which also means they may have to commute to as far as India and send back money. When the men are at home, they are expected to relax and help children with schoolwork occasionally. Women, on the other hand, are expected to do all housework, even chopping wood, no matter their physical condition. The rough terrain and lifestyle for women in Nepal accounts for most maternal deaths, aside birth complications and non-medical professional assistance in birthing. There are very few medical practitioners available in Nepal to help with births, but there are maternal clinics that women can walk to for prenatal care. Some women walk two or three hours just to get to the clinic in rough, stony mountainsides with no roads. At the clinics, women are compensated some rupees, which end up equaling less than a US dollar, and most women only go for that. Clinicians at the clinics tell women to not overextend themselves and to not carry heavy loads, but many do not agree because they do not see how work will be done without them doing so, due to the cultural standards of it being inconceivable for men to do chores.
Women are undereducated, primarily illiterate, thus not correctly nourished during their pregnancy. Women are primarily undereducated because they often stop going to school once they begin to menstruate, because according to the Chaupadi culture, it is not socially acceptable to be around other people during menstruation. Every month, women must ostracize themselves during their menstruation cycle, which makes going to school difficult.
Abortion was legalized in 2007 following the countrywide initiative to inform parents about their choices and family sizes. The average child per household is currently 2.6, whereas it used to be 4.6 in 1996. The legalization of abortion was one of the most revolutionary initiatives the Nepalese government came up with, but they also worked on maternal health in clinics. Due to the clinics, birth deaths have reduced significantly since 2000.
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“Women’s Health in Nepal.” Public Radio International. N.p., 9 June 2009. Web. 08 July 2016.