The country that I choose for my research in this class is Malaysia.
Malaysia is one of the countries located at the Southeast Asia and it consists of 14 states altogether. Those states are separated by South China Sea, which made them become two separate regions; Peninsular Malaysia, and Malaysia Borneo. The capital city of Malaysia is Kuala Lumpur, which is located in the Peninsular region. Based on the data provided in UNICEF website, the demographic indicator shows the total population of Malaysian in 2012 is 29, 239, 900 million people. The crude birth rate of Malaysian in 2012 is 17.6 percent while the crude death rate of Malaysian in 2012 is 4.7 percent. The life expectancy expected is approximately 74.8 years which is not a big difference compared to United States.
Moving on to the economic indicator, Malaysia’s money currency is called as Ringgit Malaysia (RM) or Malaysian Ringgit (MYR). From the data provided, gross national income (GNI) per capita in 2012 which is graded in US dollar is 9, 800 USD while gross domestic product (GDP) per capita is 3.1 percent. Furthermore, for women percentage over men in Malaysia, it is not surprised that women life expectancy is higher than men by 106.5 percent in 2012. I believe that most of other countries have the same possibility of more women than men. Percentage of delivery care in both skilled attendant and institutional delivery are the same which is 98.6 percent. Moreover, most of Malaysian believe in confinement after delivery babies where there are many rules to be followed in order to become a healthy mother, therefore the c-section procedure is less preferable. Based on the data, there is no c-section delivery method in 2012.
Education in Malaysia is so important even though some parents are struggling with their small income. The percentage of youth who manage to get the education are 98.6 percent, which is very high. And as the percentage of women is higher than men in whole, therefore the percentage of female students are also higher than male students in Malaysia. Sometimes, there are only 3 male students versus 17 female students in one classroom. The most shocking data that I observed from the table provided comes from the rate of progress in fertility rate. It shows that the fertility rate is decreasing from 1970 to 2012 from 4.9 percent to 2 percent. The declined fertility rate expected to occur because most women nowadays prefer to work than staying at home. Therefore, they have less time to spend at home compared to those people in 1970’s. The improved sanitation disparities between urban and rural area are almost the same, which are 96.1 percent for urban and 94.6 percent for rural. Whereas, there is no data provided for disparities by household wealth.