Argentina is considered to be a part of the “global south,” or to be a third world country. Often referred to as a developing country. However, it is a leading country in the developing world.
When comparing that statistics to a country in the global north such as the United States I was surprised at numerous indicators which were equivalent or nearly equivalent according to the UNICEF’s Country Statistics page. Such as death rates, birthrates, fertility rates. For example, the annual population growth rate has been equivalent since 1990 and is expected to be until 2030. In addition, the Argentina life expectancy rate has had a dramatic climb across the past four decades. In 1970 the rate was roughly 66 years and now it is 76 years, I would expect it to begin to plateau or slowly increase as the next few decades’ approach. For comparison the USA in 1970 was roughly 70 years and now is 78. Overall the demographic indicators are very strong considering it to be a developing country.
Economic indicators are not as strong, Argentina has had a long battle of corruption and administrative shifts. It is one of the strongest indicators holding the country back from exceeding to its full potential. Which does also play into the rate of progress, the slight rise of inequality has been credited to administrative shifts of Mauricio Macri taking office and the statistics of the gap between rich and poor is increasing. This gap between rich and poor is having a larger effect on children as shown in the countries rate of progress.
When addressing women’s statics, you must keep in mind that as Argentina is Pope Francis homeland this places into the strict religion within this country. Argentina has had strong abortion laws in which women could not receive an abortion. Argentina unfortunately has a very high maternal mortality rate.
There was a lack of data for disparities by residence/household wealth which in some cases is more positive, in regards the lack of concern with that indicator. For example, the USA has the same lack of data. However, one reported aspect is the both rural and urban there has been a strong use of improved sanitation facilities.
In final education, has grown to be dramatically better. The literacy rates between gender and very equal and the increase in stay at school into the secondary schooling is growing much stronger. The only aspect that causes a problem is the rate of rural children staying in school. This comes back to the economic struggles for the rural population. There is a lack of schooling in rural areas and a lack of transportation to the school.