Brazil is one of the most ethnically and multicultural diverse countries in the world due to immigration from various nations. 43% of the country is made up of multiracial ethnicities. It is the sixth largest country by population. The official language of Brazil is Portuguese. Brazil, like many countries, needs an improved health care system. They have a public health system that is run by various levels of the government. When the universal health care system was implemented there were huge improvements with health overall but there is always room for improvement. As poverty is prevalent among the major cities, health care is lacking as the population is too large to accommodate. There are 1.85 doctors for every 1,000 people. Approximately one third the the population in Rio de Janeiro live in extreme poverty. The people living in poverty in the city have very poor living condition and often drink dirty water. Infant mortality is 6 times greater than middle class families. As poverty is so prevalent the per capita income is low as well at $15,900. Although Brazil is expected to grow the GDP per capital growth rate is low at 1.7 percent. Brazil has a high disparity rate within the population which contributes to high rates of crime. Brazil also has a very high degree of risk for major infectious diseases which is often seen in poverty stricken areas. Like many other countries women have a higher life expectancy rate compared to men. Brazil does have an education system. Education is required to attend fundamental education from the ages of six to fourteen.