I have chosen to study Egypt for the duration of the course. Egypt is located in Northern Africa and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The Nile is another major body of water that runs through the country and provides irrigation for the countries agricultural system. The climate there is considered to be desert with hot dry summers and moderate winters. Not surprisingly, the country is very population dense around the Nile, with 95% of the population living within 20 km of the river. As of 2012, the total population is 80721.9 (thousands), 29800.9 (thousands) being under the age of 18. The annual population growth rate has recently been projected to drop from 1.6% to 1.3% by 2030. The crude death rate as of 2012 is 6.5 and the crude birth rate was 23.5, total life expectancy is 70.9 and total fertility rate falls at 2.8. What these numbers tell us is that Egypt has a relatively young population, whose live expectancy is short compared to other developed nations, and they should expect their population to steadily increase with their fertility rate falling above replacement level of 2.1. This tells us that Egypt has an expansive population and still in stage one or “pre transition.” As of 2012 the GNI per capita was 3000 and the GDP per capita average annual growth was 2.9%. 1.7% of their population lives below the international poverty line of US$1.25 per day. As with many countries, the life expectancy of women as a % of men is 106.9. The female literacy rate is 80.5 and the primary school enrollment is 94.3 as a % of males, these numbers are not horrible but they could make some strives to increase female education. The annual rate of reduction of under 5 mortality rate from 1990-2012 was 6.4%. Total fertility rate has declined from 5.3 to 2.8 from the 1970s to 2012, this could be due to an increase of education of women. The GDP per capita average annual growth rate has dropped from 4.4 in 1970 to 2.9 in 2012. The disparities of residence between rural and urban are very small. Birth registration in urban is 99.2% in rural it is 98.8%. Underweight prevalence in children under 5 is 6% in both urban and rural. The biggest difference is in primary school net attendance, in urban communities it is 90% while in rural it is 86.6%.