Health Issue: The overall state of reproductive health of the young women in Argentina due to teen pregnancies
In Argentina as well as other countries that are still developing, the reproductive health of young women is an overall concept and idea that needs to be dealt with. It is important to realize that the reproductive health of women is essential to producing and creating new life and with an unhealthy reproductive health status, it is unsafe for mothers.Many women in Argentina don’t view themselves as Americans do in terms of their rights. In America, there are rights that women are familiar with, especially when it comes to their own reproductive health. However, in Argentina, these rights are obsolete. Surrounding reproductive health is the idea of pregnancy, and in Argentina, teen pregnancy is a common situation. There are many different determinants of teenage pregnancy such as monthly income of the family, the age group of the parents, marital status, and whether or not the mother was communicating with parents about reproductive health issues (Ayele B.G. et al. 2018).
According to a news article written by Maria Eugenia Miranda, 105,000 of the 700,000 annual births in Argentina are by women who are younger than 20 years old, and almost one third of these pregnancies are the second or third baby being welcomed into the family. Women of low education and socio-economic status are most commonly impacted by this issue, however it is seen all around Argentina due to the lack of access to information on the subject, ability to receive contraceptives, and the inefficiency of the hospitals there and the difficulty to access transportation to even get to the hospital.
Not only do teen pregnancies occur due to a lack of education and contraceptives, but they also create more problems once a teen becomes pregnant. Teen pregnancy has been a problem for a long time, and in 1972, J. Menken published an article describing the overall health and social consequences of having a child as a teenager. It was found that the proportion of total births by women ages 15-19 are increasing and so is the number of births out of wedlock.
Some consequences common among pregnant teenagers are maternal mortality, low birth weight of the babies, prolonged labor, and iron deficiency anemia. The lack of prenatal care and the poor diets also play a role (Menken, 1972).
This health issue contributes to young mothers having to leave school due to the pregnancy and take off work. Once the baby is born, it is not uncommon for the mother to not return from school or work because of the overwhelming duties as a mother. This leads to the family becoming more and more economically unstable, creating an unhealthy environment for the family overall. As you can see, teen pregnancy in Argentina may not seem like a big deal in itself as many other countries struggle with it, but due to the fact that Argentina is a developing country, it is most difficult for these young mothers to get back on their feet after pregnancy and remain economically stable.
Lastly, it is important to not only look at this issue from a health and economic standpoint, but also from a cultural standpoint, and in a country with such strong religious roots, teen pregnancy is extremely taboo. The pressures of the religion from the Roman Catholic church could cause violence or retaliation against young pregnant mothers and lead to mothers feeling unsafe in their own country, risking their own lives to either flee or obtain an illegal abortion.