W4 Blog Post

Violence against women has been a great fight in Argentina. The magnitude that violence and abuse of women has on a society is unmeasurable. It has a rippling effect on the health system and the future generations is not going to stop until the violence stops. Up until recent the consequences of domestic violence and rape in Argentina were not fearful enough nor properly enforced. The startling numbers of abuse put policies into action in

Reframing violence against women is reinforcing what we know about health, illness, and medicine. In this week’s material we listened to Dr. Sperlich explain the effects of abuse on women, most importantly the fact that those affects are not short-term. It is lifelong. We know that abuse affects us emotionally and physically. We know women require proper health services and are often denied or neglected. Argentina knows all of this, too. Making more awareness of abuse against women does challenge their health system and also it reinforces what we know. For example, awareness will in return overload health services, by opening the door for victims to seek mental health assistance. Increasing awareness will decrease the amount of women hiding their abuse. With awareness, fear turns intoprotests, protests turn into movements, movements turn into global assistance.

The world justice project has made large advancements in reframing violence against Argentinean women in both legal promotion and community awareness. They have strategies and many different programs including women’s/human rights organizations and NGOs. Also including a partnership with judiciary personnel devoted to achieve gender equality and stop violence against women. What they need is both NGOs and government intuitions to work together. Which is beginning with the help of the new president.

For example, due to the startling number of women who died from gender-based violence in 2012 the Women’s Comprehensive Protection Law was passed to increase the maximum sentence to life in prison for what is categorized as femicide as aggravated homicide.

Which in theory should have a crippling effect on the populations behavior. But, according to the United State supreme court, in 2016 there were 254 femicides in Argentina. An increase from the previous years. Which leads to believe the legislation in place is not stopping the violence nor saving lives. There is many protests and constant campaigning for the women in Argentina. The work to eliminate the violence against women has sparked the opposite reaction in the male population. These empowered women are taking the streets to be brave and strong. To stop the femicides and the abuse. However, the men do not want to relinquish the power they have held over the women all this time.

Intergenerational trauma challenges the biomedicine model in its name. The biomedicine model is for short term concepts. The Intergenerational trauma needs to be evaluated by anything but short term. For example, the affect that abuse has on mother can deeply affect the child. The vicious cycle is more like a vicious long line of trauma. A troubling aspect is the more disadvantaged of a woman you are the more likely you are to become a victim of abuse or violence such as women in rural population as stated by Gender Equality in Argentina by the University of Gothenburg. The women of Argentina are women living in a country cripples with poverty, they are already at a disadvantage and vulnerable.

Intergenerational trauma reinforces biochemical and mechanical models of health. It has a clear series of events connected to the affects and violence. Intergenerational trauma is a type of trauma that can have a domino effect throughout someone’s life, with the initial trauma being the origin. This kind of trauma reinforces what we know, an abused mother or parent can largely affect the child in the same way. It is a direct correlation. What the child sees, the child does, in some cases. But this intergenerational trauma will also challenge their family dynamic and the mental health of everyone involved. It will continue down the family chain as shown in by Bombay in the readings. It is very evident the consequences of abuse. In Argentina the president thinks that increased discipline will make the change we need, but that doesn’t solve the current damage and hurt individuals that need help and we know that those individuals can continue to hurt others while being aware of the consequences.

https://www-sciencedirect-com.proxy1.cl.msu.edu/science/article/pii/S0140673616312624

https://ac-els-cdn-com.proxy1.cl.msu.edu/S0140673616312624/1-s2.0-S0140673616312624-main.pdf?_tid=d733adc7-8d81-4146-b9b6-4ef89c8d0a36&acdnat=1532652212_8f9704bc6a2dbe66be8ed84673d41f3e

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0277953694903492

https://worldjusticeproject.org/our-work/programs/rights-action-access-justice-women-argentina

https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbesinternational/2017/11/25/victims-of-violence-seek-justice-in-argentina/#2defa9f14c4c

http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A467075981/ITOF?u=msu_main&sid=ITOF&xid=dfc37300

 

2 thoughts on “W4 Blog Post

  1. I found your post super interesting! It’s surprising how prevalent domestic violence still is, especially since there are organizations and new laws that are meant to protect those from this violence. I also think it’s great that there is awareness of this violence and that its being talked about throughout the society. In my country, Peru, a lot of the women there aren’t aware of the ‘violence’ and see it as a typical part of marriage. I think there is definitely some kind of secondary factor going on, and that maybe the legal system doesn’t want to be as behind the sentencing for femicide as they appear to be. If the max sentence is life in prison, and the number of femicide occurrences went up after this law, something isn’t adding up. Or perhaps, that the new law on sentencing isn’t enough to convince the abuser that this type of behavior isn’t okay. We see in our reading from Seng and Sperlich, “Pregnancy”, that the effects of violence isn’t just a short-term thing, but lifelong, like you also point out. We see that these women often have flashbacks of the abuse, and struggle with the emotional, mental and psychological effects long after the physical effects wear off. You also point out that the men don’t want to give up the power that they have over the women, but without them doing so, the intergenerational violence will never stop. I also found in my readings, along with the Bombay article, that a lot of men think the abuse is okay, and the women will tolerate the abuse, because that’s all they know. The kids in the family watch their fathers hit their mothers, and the boys grow up to abuse their wives and the girls grow up to tolerate the abuse, just like they watched their parents do. It’s a pattern that needs to be broken. In terms of your country, the organizations and awareness of the abuse along with the legal system isn’t working effectively to end the abuse or to change the cycle. What do you think could be done, in Argentina, to further express the wrongness in this type of behavior?

    Sources:
    Bombay, Amy, et al. “Intergenerational Trauma: Convergence of Multiple Processes among First Nations Peoples in Canada.” Nov. 2009, pp. 6–30.

    Seng, Julia. “Chapter 2: Pregnancy.” Survivor Moms: Women’s Stories of Birthing, Mothering, and Healing after Sexual Abuse, edited by Mickey Sperlich, pp. 43–73.

    Vale, Andrea. “‘I’ll Tell You a Story’ – Violence Against Women in Peru.” Inter Press Service, Inter Press Service, 4 Aug. 2017, http://www.ipsnews.net/2017/08/ill-tell-story-violence-women-peru/.

  2. Hi Cassandra,

    I found it interesting that you mentioned legal promotion and community awareness as a means of reframing violence on women as a health issue. Do any of these government institutions include any programs that are directly related to health care? Having been looking into violence and women in Malaysia, I found a program called OSCC (One-Stop Crisis Center). These types of centers are found in hospitals and provide an integrated health sector model that provides comprehensive care to women and children who experience physical, emotional, and sexual abuse (Colombini, 2012). Many countries in Southeast Asia have picked up this model, and I wonder if it would be successful in a country in South America. Some cultural patriarchal views may have to be challenged for these types of centers to work. I think many women around the world fear speaking about the abuse that they experience because there are in a society that might treat domestic violence as a private affair that should not be revealed to the public. It takes a multifaceted approach to addressing the issues surrounding violence on women.

    Sources

    Colombini, Manuela, Susannah H Mayhew, Siti Hawa Ali, Rashidah Shuib, and Charlotte Watts
    2012
    An Integrated Health Sector Response to Violence against Women in Malaysia: Lessons for Supporting Scale Up. BMC Public Health 12(1)

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