Racialization is the process through which the idea of race and racial groups are constructed and shaped. It shows how racial ideas are where they are now, and how different occurrences and attitudes shape racial groups and ideas, and racial identities that are given by the dominant group rather than the people the label is used to describe. One example of racialization that has come under a lot of public scrutinies and outrage is police/authority figure violence and discrimination against blacks. Police officers will see the color of someone’s skin, and through their personal beliefs, society’s depictions of black men, and they believe them to be a danger and therefore are more likely to act violent towards them, with less provocation than someone of another race. All of the violence on every side is tragic, and hopefully, dialogues and research can be held to figure out how to combat everything happening.
The Gould/Morton controversy is one that in my opinion, has been made a much bigger deal of then it should be. In the 19th century American physician, Samuel Morton conducted research into intelligence, cranial capacity and its relation to race. He believed that the bigger the crania, the smarter you were. He reported differences in cranial capacities in racial categories, saying Caucasian as the largest, and therefore smartest. Many years later, in the late 1970s, a scientist Stephen Jay Gould published a paper and later book criticizing Morton’s results as an example of scientific biases. Not long ago, scientists have come out criticizing Gould for that very same thing, that his results have a scientific bias as well. I do not believe that Gould’s inaccuracies lend credibility to Morton’s claims about race and intelligence being that just because Gould’s numbers may not be accurate, it does not suddenly make Morton’s accurate. To sum up, it is entirely possible for them to both be inaccurate.