One of the distinguishing features of racism is seeing someone as different and using that as the basis for considering them inferior. When someone is racialized they are identified by their outward appearance such as the color of their skin and then grouped with people who have similar looks. Racialization in and of itself, however, is not racism. It is when a race, or a collection of people who look the same, is considered to be inferior that racism occurs. Racism is not just limited to the color of one’s skin. People of a different ethnicity or religion can experience racism as well. Another distinguishing feature of racism is that the traits that these individuals are being judged for are heritable and therefore cannot be changed. One cannot change the color of their skin, natural hair, or eyes. Therefore, it is unjust to use these characteristics as a defining feature.
When reading the statement, “Modern biological science and the concept of race grew up hand-in-hand.” my first reaction is to disagree. The concept of race came well before the introduction of modern biological science, so how could they possible have grown up hand-in-hand. However, when I think about it more in depth I begin to realize how the two have influenced each other in great ways. The question that many biologists are trying to answer, and the basis of much of their research, is “what makes us who we are?” What makes a Caucasian a Caucasian? In this way race has intrigued many biologists to further research the topic. In doing so these same modern biologists have changed the concept of race with their findings. As modern biology continues to grow, so does the concept of race.