By engaging in this weeks reading, I get to know lots of problems in Mexico. I am surprised to learn that there are so many problems in regard of education, nationalization and living condition in Mexico. People in Mexico identify themselves from others. They even use different languages. The division has caused many problems. Gamio try to deal with the problem that how to make the country with two groups of people from different background seen as one nation. The other problem addressed is that how the constitution did not serve all the people in Mexico. the Constitution of 1857 was only accepted by 20% of the population, mostly the European origins, which is really inappropriate. He thinks that the government should not only cater the need of the Europeans but also cares for the natives. Gamio thought one language would be helpful to solve the problem. Furthermore, the culture should be accepted and embraced by both groups. Therefore, blending culture into each other is a way to go. To bring the people together, Gamio suggested to “indianize” the European origins. At the same time he also considered that the native Indian culture is inferior to that of the European descendants. The natives should be Europeanized gradually. However, Gamio also tried to emphasize the beauty in the native culture. He suggested the two cultures meet each other half way.
The whiteness was defined as 100% Caucasian. Only a little bit different on DNA would not be count as whiteness. At first, only northern Europeans are classified as white. And Southern Europeans do not fit into the category. While during the European immigration period, the Europeans are seen as white no matter which part of Europe they come from. As long as their skin color are the same they belong to the category of white even if they have a little other ethnicity.
The laws keeps other group from claiming themselves white. The Immigration Act of 1924 in the U.S. was utilized to restrict the number of immigrants by quota-base. Naturalization Act of 1906 indicated that which immigrantsonly White and people of African descent or African nativity were eligible to become naturalized citizens.