After this week’s reading I came to realize that there are, in fact, health disparities by race and ethnicity. Mainly, it was African American people that were affected by racial inequality the most. They have undergone systematical oppression that resulted in slavery, severe mistreatment and tortures over the years. Over that time, African American people haven’t been receiving a proper medical care, instead, they have been getting heavy, extensive workloads that affected their health. From generation to generation, sicknesses and diseases started to become genetic and followed them through genes.
In Armand Leroi’s research where he states that race is a biological concept has gone under much criticism as he believed the biological concept was supported by genetics. He also believes that considering race as a biological concept would benefit us as a society, however, he still couldn’t find an explanation for placing people in distinctive categories or categorizing them. Nancy Krieger, on the other hand, dismisses Leroi’s statements as she shows that theory of generic similarity doesn’t show the full picture as she uses race and health disparities as an example. Statistics show that average life expectancy of African American is 5.5 years less than of white Americans. Also other factors such risk of being born with low birth weight, higher chances of getting cancer, heart disease and diabetes.
Taken into consideration all these factors, it becomes clear that the racism has affected minorities greatly. Apart from the health treatment and better health care overall, white Americans have a history of having more wealth, while minorities were fighting to escape poverty. Financial side also affects the neighborhood they had to live in and conditions of the houses. This proves that racial inequality still exists, minorities do not receive the equal health care they deserve, and racial inequality needs to be addressed seriously.