PG800- The Final Resting place of Quen Puabi- Royalty of Ur
As discussed in class, the city state of Sumeria, Ur, has been excavated over the years and many royal graves have been discovered. Within the 16 royal graves associated with the dynasty of Ur there is one site that is particularly interesting and exciting: PG-800.
The tomb, measuring 4.35 x 2.8 meters, was a vaulted chamber that was built of limestone slabs and mud brick and placed ontop of a raised platform was a skeleton of a middle aged woman. According to written descriptions of the site, the woman was decorated in elaborate gold, lapid lazuli, and a carnelian headdress. Also discovered on the body were a pair of crescent- shaped gold earrings and covering the entire torso of the skeleton were gold and semi-precious beads. In addition to the precious artifacts, many other skeletons were distributed throughout the site. A total of 52 other skeletons were found, in addition to the middle aged women on the raised slab. Taking into account of all the precious artifacts and the immense amount of skeletons buried with the woman, it is theorized that this woman was royalty during the dynasty of Ur and those were her servants. Near the woman’s right shoulder, three lapis lazuli cylinder seals were found. On these seals was the name Pu-abi, with the title “nin”, translated as queen.
After some hearing about the presumed Queen and how some considered her tomb was comparable to King Tutankhamen’s tomb of Egypt due to its escape form looting and it high prevalence of elaborate jewelry. Probably the most elaborate artifact found in the final resting place of Queen Puabi would have been the headdress. The headdress discovered in the tomb is beyond elaborate. The height of the headdress is 26 cm with a diameter of 11 cm. The entire headdress was made of gold, lapis lazuli, and carnelian and was decorated entirely in leaves, rings, ribbons, and flowers.
At the time of her death, it was assessed that she was approximately 40 years of age and stood just under 5 feet tall. Probably the most intriguing part about this site was that there seemed to be no mention of a husband to this woman. As discussed in class, this kind of finding leads researchers and archaeologists to believe she was a ruler all on her own- separate from a husband. Findings or theories like these are incredible to wrap your head around.