Author Archives: Medina Mathis

Chp. 14

Chapter 14 in Pattern in Prehistoric starts with the ecology setting Andean South America.  The rise of the Andes from the Pacific was so precise that the land that separated the mountains form the sea was slender. But, because the Andeans protected the coast from the air currents that were moving along from the Atlantic, part of that slender land is one of the world’s driest desserts.

The ocean current and the winds that run the water along the coast north cause fish, freshwater shrimp, and other resources. When the earth is going from the east the west, the water is being shoved towards the west. While the water is being thrust to the west end, the water generates waters that goes up, come from the bottom of the ocean.

Some of the early hunters gather foods that are now extinct. The also gathered foods depending on the season. They would travel up and down the mountain to gather these different kinds of foods. Each kind of food would cause people to move up and down the mountains depending on what foods would be available during different seasons.

In Andean South America, maize was one of the areas important crops. Different areas had different types of crop. Some of the other crops included, beans, potatoes and quinoa. Cotton was brought to people as cheap clothing and was then supplemented to expound different materials to make things like sandals and clothing. Textile remained in existence because it was used in various ways. One being burial. Many people were buried in this material and buried by the coastal desserts, which preserved the corpse and the material.

People at Alto Salavery prepared shark, bonito, mussel and other marine foods to feast on to survive in the late preceramic period, some came from plants. These people spent a lot of time in the water, hence the marine food, to the point that archeologist found bones growing in the ears of those who fished. The burials of these people were the same, meaning, they were buried with cotton and weaving tools, they were also buried with fishhooks and spindle whorls.

The cultural evolve are similar to those in the other compact of the self-governing complex societies and the arrangement of the particular items that enclose the first expansion of a religious cult, architectural monuments, productivity, the phased and critical stratification and the state and epic political system.

Response to Sophisticated Sanitation

This post is very insightful, with very good details. I liked how you gave us a overall view first then break down the introduction into pieces to show the in depth history that caused the city planning at Mohenjo-Daro. I also loved how you compared class lecture and readings. It shows that you have an pretty good understanding of the class material and the reading.  I guess that I am unclear on the Great Bath Building. Where did the fresh water come from when they had so many problems with the sanitation? That was very odd to me.  I think you raise a very interesting question, what were they using before the system had exited? I’m sure that everyone can come up with something to explain that or maybe that’s something that we haven’t went over, but thinking about how it may have been, I can only imagine how sick people might have been from the old system, whatever that was.

I do also wonder why it took so long for a sanitation system to be made. Humans have always found some how to do some things and I think that sewers had to be some thing that was on a list on things that had to be done. It seems that some years ago there were things that were made that to this day, we have no idea how they were made, but I feel that the system took way to long to become replicated, especially since the sanitation system was still in Mohenjo-Daro.


The beginning of “A changing way of life: The okios-based economy of the third millennium”, the okios economy was not too much different from what it is today. People were moving away from areas and because of this, extracting tribute in the form of products was declining. People where losing their jobs because of the move. You also have the families that still remained in their own home and you also have a family that contained more than just a standard two-parent two children home. The homes were more nuclear or extended. You also have temples, which would consist of important public officials. The only difference from then to now is that the okios wanted to live that way. Many Americans would rather live off on their own but because of the economy, it’s just not possible financially. So we turn our households into the way okios live, sometimes just to keep our homes. I want to call their political system the government because those are the people that regulate things here, but the government, like always, likes to quickly take over what ever they possible can.

What may have started off as a tribute household, soon turned into an oikos based house hold because of the economic situation. A tribute household was mad of a male, a female and a child, normally all related, while the oikos house hold was made of many family members, some even extended family members. With all of that, age and gender affected the way the social position and the economic benefit, structurally. In an Oikos household was built off of need and that is what the third millennium Mesopotamia. Each household was accountable for their own production of goods for them to use, storing the products and then form all critical exchanged goods.  In the fourth and fifth millennia, the “government” goal was to take control of everything a lot different from how the okios did things.

What I would like to have read about from the beginning is how things start to fall? I know how it says at the beginning that people were moving away and things just started to move down hill from there, but I would like to know what started that? Was it because of some bad decisions that were made? Even though everyone did not work for an okio or live with them, were they better off this way?

What is Race

First I would like to say that I have been in love and interested in Egypt and mummies since I was a little girl. The Lower: Egypt, Buto-Ma’dai Culture, the site, Ma’adi was in the south of Cairo, which is considered the suburbs is a pre historic time. At this time, it seems like the Ma’adi had it pretty well with the shelter and the food and didn’t have to worry about anything. But they did have to rely on the Beersheba for things like globular jars that held things like oil, wine, and resins. But as I read on more in the chapter, it seems that the main focus was about the pottery and its ways of feeding their families. Then it turns into the culture of and the remains of the society where they lived in. But I feel like they will never get the whole picture because the connections between each segment were not completely written. I feel like the chapter jumped from one place to another and we hear group and they were never brought up again. I get that it was a set up to the rest of the chapter, but it could have been laid out better so that the readers could understand more.

At the end of the chapter, an interesting question came up, who were the Ancient Egyptians? Being that archeologist does not look at the physical features to determined whether or not a person is of a certain cultural background. You just can’t look at a person and tell them what the world would consider race. Even to this day, people inter-marry and have kids that may not look like either parents, and this is the same question that is asked in this piece.

The organization and Institutions of the early Dynastic state was nothing more than regular people who just took over the place and called themselves the administration. They say that the society was a moneyless society but still had to pay with things to support the king and his men. It was arranged to be this way. The king is said to come about by being king in whom he was depended on the gods. But who would believe him? Especially since the religion wasn’t really believed in until later.

It seems that many of the archeologist disagreed with a lot of the things that was found. So what are we to believe?