The Ramesside period is a very interesting section in the chronological history of the Ancient Egyptians. In this time period great battles were fought in attempts to control the borders of Ancient Egypt and expand the Egyptian Empire. Rameses II was the most notable Pharaoh in this time period and arguably the most successful Pharaoh of all time. At the age of 30 Rameses II had inherited the throne of Ancient Egypt as fourth Pharaoh in the 19th Dynasty. Rameses II is an important Pharaoh in the chronological history of the Ancient Egyptians because during his reign we see many changes occurring in the economy and culture of the Egyptians.
Through military campaigns, Rameses II had strengthened the economy of the Ancient Egyptians. However, the oldest documented battle on earth had great effects on this powerful economy as well as the culture of the Ancient Egyptians. The battle of Kadesh is an important battle to take note because even though there was no victor in the end, the Egyptian Empire had gained an alliance with the Hittites by making a treaty. The agreement was that neither side will invade each other’s territories and they would work as an alliance against other foreign rulers such as the Syrians. Later on, Rameses II had married the daughter of the Prince of the Hittites that had further legitimized the bond between these two powerful nations. This act of marriage is an example of change occurring in the culture of the Ancient Egyptians because marriage in earlier dynasties were blood related to maintain the royal bloodline. Rameses II had also caused problems for modern day Archaeologists and Egyptologists because as Pharaoh, he had removed the names of prior Pharaohs on monuments and replaced it with his own name. Because of this act, it is difficult to understand the chronological list of previous Kings. He had also made depictions of him winning the battle of Kadesh, which throws scholars off track from the real history of the Ancient Egyptians.