There is much dispute when it comes to the Bible (specifically the Old Testament so we’re including Jewish faith here too) versus science and history is no exception. Many historians have tried to make a timeline from the Bible in order to get an idea of what happened way back when. In many cases the Bible actually does pretty well as told on this website “In recent times, frescoes have been found in Egyptian tombs depicting fat and thin cows, and inscriptions have been found referring to seven lean and seven opulent years, making this Biblical story more than just a myth.”
The story of Moses, too, is surprisingly accurate in the people it mentions and the time frame for these people. Moses was born in 1530 BC. Tutmoses I ruled from ruled from 1532 to 1508 BC, so he was the Pharaoh ruling as Moses grew up. His dad, the preceding Pharaoh, Amenhotep ruled from 1553 to 1532 BC and there’s evidence showing that he decreed all the baby boys be killed while the girls are spared which lines up nicely with Exodus 1:22.
These examples are pretty compelling. There are even more from different time periods and places as well. (ex. Babylon) Since the Bible is so accurate can we take it as a reliable timeline and source of facts?
To that I say: Reliable? Yes. Facts? No.
For this I turn to one of sciences favorite stories to quote: Noah and the Ark.
Scientists love to turn to this story to say how wrong the Bible is and why it must be discounted completely. There is a LOT of evidence proving that the earth simply didn’t flood, or if it did it didn’t happen anywhere near the time the Bible says it did. One such piece of proof is that there were pyramids built before the time given for the flood that still exist today. The pyramids couldn’t have stood up to a flood of that magnitude.
However if we look over North of Egypt to the Black Sea…
The Black Sea was created very quickly as though breaking down a dam when the Mediterranean dumped itself into a basin. To anyone living in the basin in ancient times it would certainly seem as though the wold had flooded. Imagine if Michigan flooded right now and we only had the technologies of ancient times. It would take ages to get to dry land with a boat, and at the very least you could say your world had flooded. To this end the Noah’s ark story can be said to be true if not factually accurate. PBS has a story going more in depth on this.
Would we have found this out sooner if scientists weren’t so quick to turn up their noses to the Bible? Maybe.
The point is we shouldn’t discount any historical documents as useless until we have honestly considered the possibility of them being useful. Time and time again the Bible has, if not a literal, word-for-word sense, depicted an accurate retelling of history. So don’t count it out.
When reading the Bible remember that may of these were word of mouth stories passed around and events were explained in the terms that people of the day could understand. So do Christian scientists really believe that all animals were made on the 6th day? No. (Those that do probably aren’t real scientists.) Do they accept that people at the time couldn’t conceive evolution? Yes, much in the same way scientists way back when couldn’t yet believe Copernicus when he said the sun is the center of the universe. The difference is that the Bible has never really been up for revision or rewriting based on new knowledge of the times. Just as religious scholars take Jesus’s parables in ancient social context before applying them to modern life Scientists need to put on their “ancient peoples” goggles before discounting it.