This week I am going to focus on explaining the Rise of Complex Egyptian society and early civilization(mostly the Predynastic section). The introduction of farming and herding in Egypt, in combination with the booming successful Neolithic economy in the lower Nile valley laid the foundation and groundwork for the bureacratic order and the rulers and Pharohs become dependent on the production of this Neolithic economy to function correctly and supply work to most of the non-ruling citizens. The 5th millenium B.C. was the time that the spread of the farming and herding lifestyle replaced the nomadic-style hunting and gathering that had previously been the prevalent way of life for Egyptian survival and everyday life. Also, surpluses of crops that were left with the farming families were used essentially as trading currency/utils that were converted from surplus crops into trading utils used to obtain goods, services, and materials that were highly valued in society such as jewelry, carved stone pallets and vessels and other sacred objects that were commonly found in tombs of pharohs and other places with similar significance.
There were two periods of the pre-dynastic culture: the Buto-Ma’ adi which was designated as the culture of lower Egypt and the Naqada culture of upper Egypt. The division between these two distinctly different ancient Egyptian cultures was based on different ceramic tradtions, and other cultural differences. For example, the Naqada were known for burying their dead in ways that represent increasing social complexity and difference in size and number of goods. Also the Buto-Ma’adi were extremely more simple and had far less socio-cultural significance.
At the excavations of the remains of the Buto-Ma’adi archaelogical dig site, there were many pottery remains of globular style bowls and jars which indicated the people were advanced in cermaic making and had evolved to the point were there circle style was symbolic of their culture.