For the final blog post I wanted to examine the relationship that developed between the Greek world and Egypt. There are several key events that help to strengthen and develop this peaceful coexistence. The first of these is due to the activities of the Persian Empire. Both Greece and Egypt viewed Persian as a threat and this provided them with a mutual interest to support each other.This growing alliance can be seen from the shift of the Egyptian capital to the western portion of the Delta. In a sense this can be viewed as a shift in the main trade partners of Egypt. They were no longer as interested in trade with their neighbors to the east.
The second major event to shape this relations ship resulted from the empire building of Alexander the Great. With his help Egypt was freed from the Persian Empire and would become even more closely linked with the Greek world. Even before this liberation was completed Egypt was receiving military assistance from the Greeks as Greek citizens and mercenaries were become more common in the Egyptian army. The strength of the Persian Empire was great and this caused Egypt and other states to ban together in order to deal with such a powerful neighbor.
The last important factor was simply the death of Alexander the Great. With his death his recently created empire was divided up and Egypt would enter the Ptolemaic Period. Since Egypt was controlled by foreigners from the Greek World, the political and economic partners of Egypt would become focused on Greece. Also during this time Egypt increased its already massive agriculture yields and this made Egypt an important region to control or be allied with. This increased amount of wheat production resulted in Egypt conducting most of its trade in food stuffs and shifted away from trade in elite goods like gold.