For this weeks discussion post, I will discuss The Third Intermediate Period as studied and interpreted in this week’s assigned reading. The Third Intermediate Period is symbolic of a transition from the traditional pharaonic rule of the Early Dynastic Period, and the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms in which the entire country of Egypt was controlled by a dynasty of Egyptian Kings. The leaders in Thebes recognized the 21st Dynasty kings located at Tanis in the northeastern Delta, but there was still a divided rule between the north and south. To accentuate this division, there was a Border constructed at el-Hiba in Middle Egypt which contained fortresses that were built by the Theban rulers who put their faith and allegiance in the oracles of the Theban gods. At this point in time, Egypt no longer had legitimate colonies in southwest Asia or in Nubia. This newly emerged political order become blatantly obvious in the “Tale of Wenamen”, a fictional book where an agent of the Temple of Amen at Karnak is dispatched to Byblos to get cedar for the god’s bark.
-The actual geographic location and importance of the Delta became visible in the 19th Dynasty when Rameses II built a new capital there named Piramesse. After the dawn of the Third Intermediate period, with the sole exception of the Kushite Dynasty, the bureaucratic power and central control in Egypt focused increasingly on the Delta. The 21st century kings were able to establish a new royal city at Tanis, and to gain the essential momentum needed to to get this construction off the ground and started, earlier monuments and architecture from Piramesse and other locations in the north were removed and re-erected at Tanis.
-At the end of the New Kingdom there were many Libyans living in northern Egypt, mostly former mercenaries in the western Delta, etc.