I thought that the most interesting part of the reading this week was learning more about the “Valley of the Queens”. I have studied the “Valley of the Kings” in past world history classes but have never actually heard of the “Valley of the Queens” until this class. The Egyptian queens, along with princesses and princes, were buried in the Theban hills, which is commonly known as the “Valley of the Queens”. This region was first excavated by Ernesto Schiaparelli and Francesco Ballerini between 1903 and 1905. Since 1984, investigations have been conducted in this area by the Egyptian Center of Documentation and the French National Center for Scientific Research. The two main groups of tombs found in the Valley of the Queens date from the reigns of Rameses II and Rameses III. It is know that the Ramessid tombs were constructed, as well as decorated, by workmen from Deir el-Medina. Tombs in this area that were robbed during the Third Intermediate Period and Late Period were reused as burials of human and animal mummies. It is estimated that over 100 human mummies have been recovered in this area. The most well-known tomb in the Valley of the Queens is the tomb of Rameses II’s chief wife, Nefertari. However, because of damage from underground water, the tomb was closed for the late 20th century. Fortunately, the Getty Conservation Institute, with the help of the Egyptian Antiquities Organization, was able to restore the painted scenes that were found on the plastered walls in the tomb and can be visited today. These decorated scenes include different gods “relevant to her journey, and texts from the Book of Gates and the Book of the Dead” (250). The texts that were found in Nefertari’s tomb are very rare things to find, even in kings’ tombs. In conclusion, this summary provides an overview of the information concerning the Valley of the Queens that was discussed in this week’s reading.