Asking if the emergence of agriculture eventually led to the rise of the state is an extremely loaded question when taking into account all the present variables that gives rise or is a major part of the state. The answer is yes, agriculture did give rise to the state. The definition of agriculture, as defined by google, is the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products. Now when we take this definition and look at it as objectively as possible we can derive the conclusion that with the use and practice of agriculture we essentially control the environment and certain species to further progress, feed, clothe and rear our youth and grow our species as we wish. It sounds extreme until we start to look at the growth of our population in correlation with human’s increased domestication and farming of plants and other animals. This relates to the state, defined as a nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government, group, or leader, because there needs to be order and rule to successfully conduct agricultural practices. That means that once agriculture became a practice, rather than hunting and gathering, humans had to take part performing specific roles and duties and had to take orders from a superior to ensure that optimal agricultural growth would ensue. Many cultural developments also lead to the emergence of agriculture as well. It is apparent when looking at species and civilizations during the upper paleolithic period but especially the neolithic period where humans start to show value in materials, such as tools and clothes, and obviously food for survival. We see that species and civilizations started trading goods to enhance their way of life and installed a sort of economy through trade of these objects and resources between communities. As the neolithic period emerged and agricultural practices started to be used by communities we also start to see these communities stay put in one geologic area and often walled off their territories instead of continuing to hunt and gather by following their food across vast distances. Through archeological excavation we can find three particular types of evidence that shows the emergence of agriculture. The three main categories are in the animal remains, plant fossils and types of tools. Animal bones and plant remains found within agricultural communities often display distinct anatomical changes when compared to the wild versions of the plants and animals they were derived from. The other most important piece of archaeological evidence is the types of stone tools that have been found in ancient agricultural regions. For example grinding stones, which have been found and were used for things such as grinding grains into flours provide evidence that humans were no longer just hunting and gathering but perhaps cooking and baking more complex recipes of foods like bread.