Week 7 Blog Post

The Neolithic revolution lasted from around 10,000 B.C. to around 2,000 B.C. and was a period where there a change or transition from nomadic hunting and gathering to a subsistence agricultural settlements. This period had a cultural development with the emergence of agriculture in order to stay put in one community year round. Through this period this rise of agriculture, I believe, became one of the largest impacting factors to the rise of the states.
Agriculture can be described as domesticated plants, animals, and other life forms for the use of materials such as food, fibers, and some medicinal products in order to sustain life within a community. The earliest settlements are thought to arise near southwest Asia but in rapid speed the Neolithic revolution spread around the world. After the emergence of agriculture many of our ancient ancestors had no reason to go hunting and gathering anymore. They had no reason to go looking for their food because they soon found ways to cultivate the soil and raise certain animals in order to bring the food to them. This allowed them to settle and grow larger communities. Through staying settled in one area these people were able to interact and build off one another in order to improve technology and improve ideas. This soon emerged into creating buildings, homes, and foundations. However, there were some factors such as climate, biological, and other environmental conditions that allowed domestication of only certain products. These conditions varied across regions throughout the world and many communities started to realize that not everything could be domesticated or grown where they have settled. This gave rise to trade from one area to another nearby community thus allowing these communities to become truly permanent by allowing the people to stay in the same area and not move on the sole fact that a certain source couldn’t be grown there.
These settlements gave evidence of domesticated animal remains, plant remains, and other sources to prove there was agriculture in a certain area to archaeologist but what came next was whether this agricultural evidence gave rise to the beginning of urbanization. In order to recognize a state’s existence one must find evidence or art, buildings, homes, and other items proving there was indeed a stable and steady human existence there at one point. In most cases many archaeologist find that the beginning of this started with agriculture and creating a stable food source that was able to supply enough nutrients to keep a society going steady in a stable community.

One thought on “Week 7 Blog Post

  1. climate change was a big factor on why Agriculture was needed. Climate and the period of mass distinction. The food that the hunters were hunting and surviving on started to die out. There was a period of mass extinction, where the megafauna started dying and different species of plants and animals started dying. this made it so they had to start finding new ways of accumulating food. Agricultural technologies were needed. It wasn’t just that they discovered how to do it, then just stopped doing so. Also that people with power would throw parties and consume more then what they should and not be left with enough. Also population sizes were getting bigger and they needed to find ways of feeding more people by obtaining more food in the areas that they started settling in. there a bit more to that story. You are right that they settled in many places and were able to start building homes and foundations and that they started trading do to lack of products that one population may not have been able to accumulate. In the lecture, it was mentioned that some cities would invade other cities because they did not have enough resources , so they would invade and take the other peoples stuff. I did find it interesting that Archaeologist looked for Morphology in the animal bones. I think it is interesting to see the differences in bone structure when being compared to the same species.

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