Yes, I believe the emergence of agriculture eventually led to the rise of the state. If I were to talk about the cultural developments that led to the emergence of agriculture, they would be the animals, material culture, food resources, and architecture. On the other hand, if I were to talk about the cultural developments that led to the rise of the state, they would be the irrigation, urbanization, technology and trade, and warfare. For the emergence of agriculture, primary evidence and secondary evidence were used as archaeological materials, while the architectures that have been still preserved until now are used as archaeological materials for the rising of states. The difference between the emergence of agriculture and the rising of the state is that the rising of state has become more of a complex society and had an empire, while the emergence of agriculture was all about domesticated animals, expanding sedentary populations, and the climate change.
At the emergence of agriculture, two things have caused a major change to the human society. The first one is the domestication of animals. When people settled into a semi-sedentary life, they were naturally forced into close association with animals. That’s when goats, sheep, and dogs were domesticated. The other one is the expanding sedentary population. The place where people settled have expanded and turned into a society since people started to settle in one place, populations expanded and resources for food and the capacity of the environment have been more required.
At the rising of states, there were four theories that have been the evidence of the emergence of ancient states, which were irrigation, urbanization, technology and trade, and warfare. The irrigation is known to be the major factor when it comes to the rise of complex ancient states. The concept of urbanization was claimed by an archaeologist; he said that the start of agriculture was followed by urban revolution. Technology and trading, and warfare were things that have led to state formation, and the progress has been steadily growing and is still happening now.
As a conclusion, both emergences of agriculture and rising of ancient states were the beginnings of Neolithic. Those were what created a society, government, worldwide trading, and art. However, the two concepts are differentiated by their detailed theories and characteristics. Through these lectures and readings, I was able to learn the ending of the Paleolithic, and the beginning of the Neolithic.