What about Sudan?

For my topic, I decided to go with an article I found on the New York Times website. It  starts off talking about the significance of the Sudans s site and how we view it.  Today, many people view Sudan as kind of a scary place.  A place of war, distruction, and drought, but it actually holds a lot of rich history, one that archaeologist marvel at.  The ancient kingdoms of Kush and Nubia are from the Sudan areas, and these kingdoms rivaled the greatest including the Greek, Egyptians, and even Romans.  A large reason you never hear about these sites is because of the overshadowing of the egyptian sites.

Archaeologist believe that these sites are very important, because it provides crucial information about the history of Africa.  Many archaeologist have been excavating sites like Nuri and Bijrawiya.  In sites like these, they were able to actually uncover more pyramids than the egypt sites.  Even in just one site in Northern-Sudan, they were able to uncover 35 pyramids over the past 4 years.  A man by the name of Charles Bonnet has been excavating Dukki Gel for over 44 years in Sudan.  The town of Dukki Gel was flourishing in around 1500 BC.  Here, they also discovered a large quantity of statues.   The statues reflected black pharaohs of the time DUkki Gel was up.  Around 750 BC, Kingdom of Kush was actually a really strong military power.  They were even really able to rule over the Egyptians and Palestinians.  Ancient Meroe, which was actually a capital in the Kingdom of Kush.  Here, they flourished in the art of Iron smelting, and earning.  It earned its nickname “the Birmingham of Africa”.  Women ruled this city, and they were called Kandake.

This site, and many others in Sudan are facing many troubles.  They are having issues protecting their sites, and has been ransacked by the gold rush.  This is huge, because while all of these people go to these sites and lands to find gold, they a lot of the time will run into ancient artifacts and relics.  This is horrible  because it removes the artifact from the site it was at, losing its context.   There was actually a story recently, where a man was trying to smuggle a statue.  These excavations are also losing a lot of funding, and are running low on money.  However, in Febuary The government was able to fund 27 new archaeological excavations in Sudan.  A huge reason behind this funding was for the hope of future tourist rates to rise due to the arhcaeological discoveries.