Carolyn Isaac

  • Assistant Professor


A-419 E. Fee Hall

Curriculum vitae

Research Interests

  • Forensic Anthropology
  • Human Osteology
  • Bone Histology
  • Fracture Healing
  • Positive Identification
  • Mass fatality management
  • Bioarchaeology
  • Paleopathology

Biographical Info

I am a physical anthropologist that specializes in forensic anthropology. My main research focus is the histological progression and stages of cranial fracture healing and how this can be used to determine the age of an injury. The goal of this project is to generate baseline empirical data on the cells and tissues involved in fracture healing at different stages and to provide forensic practitioners with a method to estimate the age of a healing fracture. Such estimations can aid in determining whether an injury contributed to death, whether there are multiple injuries of various ages indicting a pattern of abuse, and may directly contribute to the manner of death classification (homicide, suicide, accident, natural, or indeterminate).

Current Research Projects

Investigations on the Cellular and Morphologic Characteristics of Cranial Vault Fracture: Research and Development of a Time Since Fracture Protocol and Database


Beatrice J, Fenton TW, Isaac CV, Jenny L, Wankmiller J, Mutolo M, Rauzi C, Foran D. In Press. The Human Skeletons from the Triconch Palace and the Merchant’s House. In: Bowden W, editor. Butrint 5: Life and Death at a Mediterranean Port: The Non-Ceramic Finds from the Triconch Palace. Oxford: Oxbow Books.

Soler A, Isaac CV, Beatrice J, Fenton TW. In Press. The Human Skeletons from Vrina Plain. In: Greenslade S, editor. Butrint 6: Excavations on the Vrina Plain, Volume 2: The Finds. Oxford: Oxbow Books.

Morgan LO, Johnson M, Cornelison J, Isaac C, deJong J, Prahlow JA. 2019. Two Novel Methods for Enhancing Postmortem Fingerprint Recovery from Mummified Remains. Journal of Forensic Sciences 64(2): 602-606.

Isaac CV, Cornelison JB, Castellani RJ, deJong JL. 2018. A Unique Type of Birth Trauma Mistaken for Abuse. Journal of Forensic Sciences 63(2):602-607.

Isaac CV, Cornelison JB. 2018. The Practical Application of Forensic Anthropology. In: Biswas G, editor. Recent Advances in Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. New Delhi, India: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers Ltd.

Fenton TW, Hurst CV, Vollner JM. 2015. L’analisi dei resti scheletrici umani. In: Arthur P, Leo Imperiale M, and Tinelli M, editors. Apigliano: Un Villagio Bizantino e Medievale in Terra D’Otranto. Lecce, Italy: Progetto In-Cul.Tu.Re.

Isaac CV, Cornelison JB, deJong JL. 2014. An Investigative Tool for Detecting Elder Abuse. Academic Forensic Pathology 4(4):524-531.