Joseph Hefner

  • Assistant Professor

Contact

Fee Hall A420A

Curriculum vitae

Research Interests

  • Biological Anthropology
  • Forensic Anthropology
  • Ancestry
  • Quantitative Methods
  • Categorical Data Analysis
  • Data Mining
  • Spatial Analysis

Biographical Info

Dr. Joseph HEFNER is an assistant professor specializing in forensic anthropology and quantitative methods. His interests in forensic anthropology include the estimation of ancestry using morphoscopic (cranial nonmetric) traits and cranial and postcranial metrics. The focus of Dr. Hefner’s research is the standardization and quantification of morphoscopic traits with robust and appropriate classification statistics, including data mining techniques and machine learning methods. One aspect of this type of research is the seemingly endless need for more data. To that end, Dr. Hefner is currently establishing the Forensic Morphoscopic Databank at Michigan State University, with a grant provided by the National Institute of Justice. Dr. Hefner’s professional activities center on forensic anthropological method and theory and statistical approaches to biological anthropology, including biodistance analysis, categorical data analysis, geometric morphometric methods, data excavation, and parametric/nonparametric classification statistics.Dr. Hefner is a board certified forensic anthropologist (D-ABFA) and a member of the Board of Directors for the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. Dr Hefner is a Fellow of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, a member of the Register of Professional Archaeologists, American Association of Anatomists, Sigma Xi, and he is an Assessor for the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors, Laboratory Accreditation Board.

Current Research Projects

Macromorphoscopic Databank (NIJ 2015-DN-BX-K012)

Morphoscopic Trait Variability in Medellin, Colombia (w/ Dra. Timisay Monsalve Vargas)

Ancestry in Roman London (w/ Dr. Rebecca Redfern)

Spatial Analysis and Intra-cemetery Variability

Ancestry Estimations in the 21st Century

Publications

*In prep Missing Data Imputation Methods Using Morphoscopic Traits and Their Performance in the Estimation of Ancestry. MW Kenyhercz, NV Passalacqua, JT Hefner. Forensic Anthropology.

In prep Overjet or prognathism? Morphometric assessment of midface morphology between Blacks, Whites and Hispanics. MW Kenyhercz, JT Hefner, MK Spradley. Submitted.

In press Krogman, Wilton (1903-1987). NJ Sauer and JT Hefner. The International Encyclopedia of Biological Anthropology. Accepted.

In press Ancestry: Forensic Applications. JT Hefner and MK Spradley. The International Encyclopedia of Biological Anthropology. Submitted.

In press Advances in cranial macromorphoscopic trait and dental morphology analysis for ancestry estimation. MA Pilloud, C Maier, GR Scott, JT Hefner. In, New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification. Elsevier/Academic Press. Expected publication: 2017.

2017 Application of the Stephan et al. chest radiograph comparison method to decomposed human remains. MI Isa, JT Hefner, MA Markey. Journal of Forensic Sciences. doi:10.1111/1556-4029.13432.

2016 Craniofacial Secular Change in Recent Mexican Migrants. MK Spradley, K Stull, JT Hefner. Human Biology, 88(1):15-29.

2016 Going south of the river: a multidisciplinary analysis of ancestry, mobility and diet in a population from Roman Southwark, London. RC Redfern, DR Gröcke, AR Millard, V Ridgeway, L Johnson, JT Hefner. Journal of Archaeological Science 74:11-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2016.07.016.

2016 Possible Achondroplastic Dwarf Skull from Montevideo, Uruguay. JT Hefner and MW Warren. Journal of Forensic Sciences. doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.13186.

2016 Ancestry Estimation using Macromorphoscopic Traits. A Plemons and JT Hefner. Academic Journal of Forensic Pathology 6(3)400-412. doi: 10.1433/afpj.2014-1234.

2016    Macromorphoscopic Trait Expression in a Cranial Sample from Medellín, Colombia. TM Vargas and JT Hefner. Forensic Science International. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2016.07.014.

2016    Biological Distance Analysis: Forensic and Bioarchaeological Perspectives. Edited by Marin A. Pilloud and Joseph T. Hefner. San Diego: Elsevier, Academic Press.

2016    Biological Distance Analysis, Cranial Morphoscopic Traits, and Ancestry Assessments in Forensic Anthropology. JT Hefner. In, Biological Distance Analysis: Forensic and Bioarchaeological Perspectives. Edited by Marin A. Pilloud and Joseph T. Hefner. San Diego: Elsevier, Academic Press, pp. 301-316.

2016    A Brief History of Biological Distance Analysis. In, Biological Distance Analysis: Forensic and Bioarchaeological Perspectives. JT Hefner, MA Pilloud, CC Volgelsberg, JE Buikstra. Edited by Marin A. Pilloud and Joseph T. Hefner. San Diego: Elsevier, Academic Press. pp. 3-22.

2016    Beyond Taphonomy: Craniometric Variation within Anatomical Material. JT Hefner, B Spatola, N Passalacqua, T Gocha. Journal of Forensic Sciences. DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.13177.

2016 Osteological Analysis for Archaeological Collections Management/ Ethnicity Determination – Joint Region Marinas, Guam. JT Hefner and KC Linde. Technical Report. Contract No. N40192-14-M-5013, Client: NAVFAC MARIANAS. Garcia and Associates Tech Report.

2016 The Assessment of Ancestry and the Concept of Race. NJ Sauer, JC Wankmiller, JT Hefner. In, Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology, edited by Soren Blau and Douglas H. Ubelaker. World Archaeological Congress (WAC) Research Handbooks in Archaeology Series.Left Coast Press, Inc. Walnut Creek, California.

2015    Morphoscopic trait expression in ‘Hispanic’ populations. JT Hefner, MA Pilloud, CJ Black, BE Anderson. Journal of Forensic Sciences. Article first published online: 14 AUG 2015 DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.12826

2015 The Use of Femoral Neck Axis Length (FNAL) to Estimate Sex and Ancestry. R Meeusen, A Christensen, JT Hefner Article first published online: 10 AUG 2015 | DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.12820.

2015    Case Studies in Skeletal Blast Trauma. NA Willits, JT Hefner, MT Tersigni-Tarrant. In, Skeletal Trauma Analysis: Case Studies in Context. NV Passalacqua and CW Rainwater (editors). Wiley-Blackwell Press: NY. pp. 177-188.

2014 Cranial Morphoscopic Traits and the Assessment of American Black, American White, and Hispanic Ancestry, JT Hefner.  In, Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains: Beyond Black and White. Edited by Sabrina Ta’ala and Gregory Berg. Taylor & Francis Group, LLC; Boca Raton, FL, pp. 27-42.

2014    The use of tooth crown measurements in the assessment of ancestry. M Pilloud,  JT Hefner, T Hanihara, A Hyashi. Journal of Forensic Science. 59(6) 1493-1501.

2014    Statistical Classification Methods for Estimating Ancestry using Morphoscopic Traits. JT Hefner and Stephen D. Ousley. Journal of Forensic Science, 59(4) 883-890.

2014    Random Forest Modeling and Ancestry Estimation. JT Hefner, MK Spradley, B Anderson. Journal of Forensic Science, 59(3) 583-589.

2013    Congenital Os Odontoideum: An Unusual Constellation of Skeletal Features in an Osteological Specimen from Thailand. R.W. Mann, P. Tuamsuk, JT HefnerInternational Journal of Paleopathology, 3: 302-306.

2013    Book review: A bioarchaeological study of medieval burials on the site of St Mary Spital:  Excavations at Spitalfields Market, London E1, 1991-2007. JT HefnerHistorical Archaeology, 47(2):146–147.

2013      Ancestry Estimation. Elizabeth DiGangi and JT Hefner. In, Research Methods in Skeletal Biology, edited by Megan K. Moore and Elizabeth A. DiGangi. Academic Press: New York, NY. Pp. 117-150.

2012    Cultural Affinity, Identity, and Relatedness: Distinguishing Individuals and Cultural Groups, Lynne Goldstein, JT Hefner, Kristin J. Sewell, and Michael P. Heilen. In Uncovering Identity in Mortuary Analysis: Community-Sensitive Methods for Identifying Group Affiliation in Historical Cemeteries, edited by Michael P. Heilen, 23-52. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press, Inc. and Tucson, AZ: SRI Press.

2012    Life, Death, and Dying in Southeastern Arizona, 1860-1880: Historical Accounts and Bioarchaeological Evidence, Michael P. Heilen, JT Hefner, and Mitchell A. Keur. In Uncovering Identity in Mortuary Analysis: Community-Sensitive Methods for Identifying Group Affiliation in Historical Cemeteries, edited by Michael P. Heilen, 105-164. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press, Inc. and Tucson, AZ: SRI Press.

2012    Mortuary Synthesis, Lynne Goldstein, Kristen Sewell, Michael P. Heilen, and JT Hefner. In Uncovering Identity in Mortuary Analysis: Community-Sensitive Methods for Identifying Group Affiliation in Historical Cemeteries, edited by Michael P. Heilen, 185-250. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press, Inc. and Tucson, AZ: SRI Press.

2012    Bioarchaeology of the Alameda-Stone Cemetery, Joseph T. Hefner, Michael P. Heilen, and Mitchell A. Keur. In The History, Archaeology, and Skeletal Biology of the Alameda-Stone Cemetery, edited by Michael P. Heilen, JT Hefner, Mitchell A. Keur, pp. 399-458. Deathways and Lifeways in the American Southwest: Tucson’s Historic Alameda-Stone Cemetery and the Transformation of a Remote Outpost into an Urban City, vol. 2, Michael P. Heilen and Marlessa Gray, series editors. Technical Report 10-96. Statistical Research, Tucson.

2012    The History, Archaeology, and Skeletal Biology of the Alameda-Stone Cemetery. Volume II. Edited by Michael Heilen, JT Hefner, and Mitchell A. Keur. Deathways and Lifeways in the American Southwest: Tucson’s Historic Alameda-Stone Cemetery and the Transformation of a Remote Outpost into an Urban City, vol. 2, Michael P. Heilen and Marlessa Gray, series editors. Technical Report 10-95. Statistical Research, Tucson.

2012    Morphoscopic Traits and the Assessment of Ancestry. JT Hefner, Dennis C. Dirkmaat, and Stephen D. Ousley. In, A Companion to Forensic Anthropology, edited by Dennis C. Dirkmaat. Wiley-Blackwell: Malden, MA. Pp. 287-310.

2011    Macromorphoscopics. JT Hefner. OsteowareTM Software Manual, Volume I. Edited by CA Wilczak and JC Dudar. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.

2010    Human Skeletal Remains from the Joint Courts Complex Archaeological Data Recovery Project . JT Hefner and Mitchell A. Keur (editors). In, Skeletal Biology of the Alameda-Stone Cemetery. Volume II. Edited by, Joseph T. Hefner, Mitchell A. Keur,  and Michael Heilen. Contract No. 07-73-S138479-0806. Statistical Research, Inc. Technical Series, No. 10-04, pp. 1.1-1.8.

2010    Biological Distance and Geospatial Analysis. JT Hefner. In, Skeletal Biology of the Alameda-Stone Cemetery. Volume II. Edited by, Joseph T. Hefner, Mitchell A. Keur,  and Michael Heilen. Statistical Research, Inc. Technical Series, No. 10-04, pp. 4.1-4.23.

2010    Skeletal Biology of the Alameda-Stone Cemetery Interments. Micahel Heilen, JT Hefner, Mitchell A. Keur, Amber Harrison, Tamara Leher, and Patrick Stanton. In, Skeletal Biology of the Alameda-Stone Cemetery. Volume II. Edited by, Joseph T. Hefner, Mitchell A. Keur, and Michael Heilen.Contract No. 07-73-S138479-0806. Statistical Research, Inc. Technical Series, No. 10-04, pp. 1.1-1.8.

2010    Goldstein, Lynne, Kristin J. Sewell, Michael Heilen, and JT Hefner “Mortuary Synthesis” (Chap. 9), in Deathways and Lifeways in the American Southwest, Volume 1 (M Heilen and M Gray, eds.). Statistical Research, Inc., Technical Report 10-95, Tucson, AZ; pp. 143-155.

2010    Goldstein, Lynne, JT Hefner, Kristin J. Sewell, and Michael Heilen. “Cultural Affinity, Identity, and Relatedness: Distinguishing Individuals and Cultural Groups in the Alameda-Stone Cemetery” (Chap. 6), in Deathways and Lifeways in the American Southwest, Volume 1 (M Heilen and M Gray, eds.). Statistical Research, Inc., Technical Report 10-95, Tucson, AZ; pp. 143-155.

2009    Cranial Nonmetric Variation and Estimating Ancestry. JT Hefner. J Forensic Sci, 54( 5) 985-995.

2008    Cultural Affinity Assessment of the Human Remains Dating after 1775 at the Joint Courts Complex Archaeological Data Recovery Project. JT Hefner, Michael P. Heilen, Kristin Sewell. Technical Report 08-54, Statistical Research, Inc.

2008    End-of-Fieldwork Report for the Joint Courts Complex Archaeological Data Recovery Project. John D. Hall, Scott O’Mack, Michael Heilen, Karen Swope, JT Hefner, Kristin Sewell, Marlesa Gray. Technical Report 08-50, Statistical Research, Inc.